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Tell el-Retaba: 2014–2015

Sławomir Rzepka, Jozef Hudec, Łukasz Jarmużek, Veronika Dubcová, Lucia Hulková, Martin Odler, Alena Šefčáková and Piotr Sójka


The excavation at Tell el-Retaba in 2014 and 2015 consisted of three seasons of fieldwork, carried out in sectors of the site already opened in previous seasons. The earliest archaeological remains date from the Second Intermediate Period and represent a Hyksos settlement and cemetery. Ruins of an early Eighteenth Dynasty settlement, fortresses from the Nineteenth and Twentieth Dynasties and from the Third Intermediate Period settlement continued to be excavated as well. Of note are some archaeological remains from the 17th–19th centuries, presented for the first time in the fieldwork report.


Tell el-Retaba, Hyksos, New Kingdom, Third Intermediate Period, Ottoman, fortress


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