home page
wersja polska
The Lion of Palmyra is PCMA new logo

Glass finds from Areas U and G at the Kom el-Dikka site in Alexandria (excavations in 2012 and 2013)

Renata Kucharczyk


The glass material from PCMA excavations on the Kom el-Dikka site in Alexandria in the 2012 and 2103 seasons consisted mainly of a late Roman/early Byzantine assemblage, mostly yellowish-green blown glass characterized by a homogeneity of the fabric, a limited variety of vessel types and simple workmanship, all indicative of a local glasshouse most likely operating at the site. Fragments of early and late Roman mosaic glass was also an important element of the set. Excavations in area US also yielded a handful of late Hellenistic/early Roman glasses: various types of cast bowls seldom previously reported from Kom el-Dikka, a linear-cut bowl, monochrome patella, and colorless bowl with broad rim and overhung edge. The assemblage coming from Area G (basement of the late Roman baths) comprised late Roman free-blown, utilitarian wares representing a limited range of forms. Also found in this area was cast glass of the late Hellenistic/early Roman period: mosaic glass and a grooved bowl, the latter recorded for the first time at Kom el-Dikka.


Alexandria, Kom el-Dikka, cast glass, mosaic floral plaque, late Roman glass, late Roman mosaic glass, early Byzantine glass


Antonaras, A. (2012). Fire and sand: Ancient glass in the Princeton University Art Museum. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Art Museum

Arveiller-Dulong, V. and Nenna, M.-D. (2011). Les verres antiques du Musée du Louvre III. Parures, instruments et éléments d’incrustation. Paris: Somogy

Babraj, K., Drzymuchowska, A., and Willburger, N. (2014). Marea 2011. PAM, 23/1, 45–61

Breccia, E. (1912). Catalogue général des antiquités égyptiennes (Musée d’Alexandrie). Nos. 1–624. La necropoli di Sciatbi. Cairo: Institut français d’archéologie orientale

Christie’s. (1993). Ancient Egyptian glass and faience from the “Per-neb” Collection, part III [auction catalogue]. London: Christie’s, Manson & Woods

Fontaine, A.-L. (1952). Enquête sur Péluse. Bulletin de la Société d’études historiques de l’Isthme de Suez, 4, 17–80

Foy, D. (2005). Une production de bols moulés à Beyrouth à la fin de l’époque hellénistique et le commerce de ces verres en Méditerranée occidentale. JGS, 47, 11–35

Goldstein, S.M. (1979). Pre-Roman and early Roman glass in the Corning Museum of Glass. Corning, NY: Corning Museum of Glass

Grose, D.F. (1989). Early ancient glass: Core-formed, rod-formed, and cast vessels and objects from the late Bronze Age to the early Roman Empire, 1600 B.C. to A.D. 50. New York: Hudson Hills Press in association with the Toledo Museum of Art

Grose, D.F. (2012). The pre-Hellenistic, Hellenistic, Roman, and Islamic glass vessels. In A.M. Berlin and S.C. Herbert (eds), Tel Anafa II.2. Glass vessels, lamps, objects of metal, and groundstone and other stone tools and vessels (pp. 1–98). Ann Arbor, MI: Kelsey Museum of Archaeology

Jennings, S. (2006). Vessel glass from Beirut: BEY 006, 007, and 045 [=Berytus 48–49]. Beirut: Faculty of Arts and Sciences, American University of Beirut

Kiss, Z., Majcherek, G., Meyza, H., Rysiewski, H., and Tkaczow, B. (2000). Fouilles polonaises à Kôm el-Dikka (1986–1987) [=Alexandrie 7]. Warsaw: Centre d’archéologie méditerranéenne de l’Académie polonaise des sciences

Kucharczyk, R. (2004). Two Roman toilet bottles from Kom el-Dikka. PAM, 15, 43–45

Kucharczyk, R. (2005a). Early Roman glass from Marina el-Alamein. PAM, 16, 93–99

Kucharczyk, R. (2005b). Glass finds from the basilica in Marea, 2004. PAM, 16, 55–59

Kucharczyk, R. (2005c). Islamic glass from the auditoria on Kom el-Dikka in Alexandria. PAM, 16, 31–41

Kucharczyk, R. (2007a). Late Roman/early Byzantine glass from the auditoria on Kom el-Dikka in Alexandria. PAM, 17, 45–53

Kucharczyk, R. (2007b). Late Roman/early Byzantine glass from the basilica in Marea. PAM, 17, 70–74

Kucharczyk, R. (2008). Glass finds from the baths and sāqiyah. In H. Szymańska and K. Babraj (eds), Marea I. Byzantine Marea: Excavations in 2000–2003 and 2006 [=Biblioteka Muzeum Archeologicznego w Krakowie 4] (pp. 129–143). Kraków: Muzeum Archeologiczne w Krakowie

Kucharczyk, R. (2010a). Glass from Area F on Kom el-Dikka (Alexandria). PAM, 19, 56–70

Kucharczyk, R. (2010b). Glass from Houses 1 and 2 in Marina el-Alamein. PAM, 19, 114–130

Kucharczyk, R. (2011a). Glass. In S.E. Sidebotham and I. Zych (eds), Berenike 2008–2009: Report on the excavations at Berenike, including a survey in the Eastern Desert [=PCMA Excavation Series 1] (pp. 83–111). Warsaw: PCMA UW

Kucharczyk, R. (2011b). Glass from Area F on Kom el-Dikka (Alexandria). Excavations 2008. PAM, 20, 56–69

Kucharczyk, R. (2015). Islamic glass from sector U (2012–2013). PAM, 24/1, 73–86

Kucharczyk, R. (2016). Mosaic floral plaque fragment from Alexandria. EtTrav, 29, 125–134

Majcherek, G. (1992). Excavations in Alexandria in 1990–91. PAM, 3, 5–14

Majcherek, G. (2013). Alexandria. Excavations and preservation work on Kom el-Dikka. Preliminary report 2009/2010. PAM, 22, 33–53

Majcherek, G. (2015). Alexandria. Excavations and preservation work on Kom el-Dikka. Seasons 2012 and 2013. PAM, 24/1, 29–61

Majcherek, G. and Kucharczyk, R. (2014). Alexandria. Excavations and preservation work on Kom el-Dikka. Season 2011. PAM, 23/1, 23–44

Meyer, C. (1992). Glass from Quseir al-Qadim and the Indian Ocean trade [=SAOC 53]. Chicago: Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago

Nenna, M.-D. (2007). Le mobilier en verre de l’époque ptolémaïque et du Haut-Empire. In D. Valbelle (ed.), Tell el-Herr: les niveaux hellénistiques et du Haut-Empire (pp. 278–283). Paris: Errance

Rodziewicz, M. (1984–1985). Excavations at Kom el-Dikka in Alexandria 1980–81 (preliminary report). ASAE, 70, 233–246

Spaer, M. (1988). The pre-Islamic glass bracelets of Palestine. JGS, 30, 51–61

Spencer, A.J. (1996). Excavations at Tell el-Balamun 1991–1994. London: British Museum Press

Weinberg, G.D. and Stern, E.M. (2009). Vessel glass [=Athenian Agora 24]. Princeton, NJ: American School of Classical Studies at Athens